Posts Tagged "Apologetics"
Over the last couple of weeks, we have discussed numerous archaeological finds related to people, places and things described in the Old Testament and concluded that archaeology proves the historicity of the Old Testament? So, what about the New Testament? Is there similar archaeological evidence to support the New Testament accounts? The simple answer is yes! There have been an astounding number of finds supporting the New Testament.
Many have sought to use archaeology to disprove the New Testaments account. Indeed, Sir Walter Ramsey (one of the greatest archaeologists of all times) set out to disprove the account of Luke. After 30 years of study, he concluded without equivocation:
“Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of truth trustworthy…this author should be placed along with the very greatest of historians.”
Last week, we looked at numerous examples of Old Testament stories previously discounted by scholars which were later proved true through archaeology. William F. Albright, of John Hopkins University, once said:
“There can be no doubt that archaeology has confirmed the substantial historicity of Old Testament tradition.”
In this post, we will look at numerous addition Old Testament stories, people and facts supported by archaeology. They include:
- The existence of the Philistines
- The city of Jericho was discovered in the 1930’s. That discovery showed that the walls fell outward and there were large quantities of grain undisturbed (consistent with God’s command that the Israelites not plunder).
- The City of Ur was found in present day Iraq. Excavations have continued since the 1800’s.
- The site of Sarah’s grave (the wife of Abraham) was located. It is now the home of a Muslim Mosque.
- As regards the Tower of Babel, archaeologists have uncovered information supporting the idea that at one point the entire world shared one language. Furthermore, baked bricks like those described in Genesis have been found in Mesopotamia.
- Illustrations have been found showing Hebrews making bricks for the cities of Pitham and Ramses. This supports the Exodus account.
- The ruins of the city of Beth Shamesh were found and provided evidence of the destruction described in 2 Chronicles 12.
- The Pool of Gibeon mentioned in 2 Samuel 2:3 and Jeremiah 41:12 has been located.
- In 1986, archaeologists found the seal of Baruch, son of Neriah who recorded the prophecies of Jeremiah.
- King Saul established his capital at Gibeah. Both the city and Saul’s fortress-palace have been located.
- Various building projects of Nebuchadnezzar have been uncovered.
- A stone tablet from the 7th year of Nebuchadnezzar was found which recounts the fall of Jerusalem and the capture of Jehoiachin.
- Beersheba was excavated from 1969 to 1976. The excavation confirmed the description provided in the Bible.
- The worship of Dagon, God of the Philistines (as mentioned in the Bible) has been confirmed by excavations.
- King Ahab was mentioned in the archaeological records of the Assyrians.
- Sennacherib’s Prison was found in Ninevah which talks about the invasion of Judah and how they has trapped Hezekiah in Jerusalem “like a bird cage.”
- The decree of Cyrus to allow the Israelites to return home has been confirmed by archaeological finds.
- The existence of Sargon, King of Assyria (whom the Bible mentions only once) has been confirmed.
- Every reference to an Assyrian King in the Bible has been confirmed.
Another area which provides ample evidence for the reliability of the Bible is archaeology. As archeology has grown as a science over the last 100 to 150 years, the number of finds of ancient artifacts has grown exponentially. While not everything referred to in the Old Testament, has been supported by an archaeological find, there has never been a discovery that has contradicted anything found in the Old Testament. Nelson Gluek, who is considered one of the three greatest archaeologists of all time is quoted as having said:
“I’ve been accused of teaching the verbal, plenary inspiration of the scripture. I want it to be understood that I have never taught this. All I have ever said is that in all of my archaeological investigation, I have never found one artifact of antiquity that contradicts any statement of the Word of God.”
The Bible has impacted great civilizations throughout history. We covered that last week. The Bible, and the Lord that it reveals, has impacted millions upon millions upon millions of individual lives throughout history. J. Carter Swaim once said:
“The real influence of the Bible cannot be measured: It is reckoned only in terms of hearts that have been lifted up, decisions that have been changed, the men and women who, in response to its impervious demands, have done justice and loved kindness and walked humbly with God.”
The Bible has given hope for the despondent, deliverance for the enslaved, and a light for the lost. If the only the lives of few people has been changed, the evidence would not be as compelling. However, the Bible has impacted the lives of people of all ages, races and nationalities have been changed. There are numerous lives and biographies you can look to of Christians throughout history whose lives have been changed. I can only offer my own. This is my testimony about how the Bible and Jesus Christ have changed my life.Read More
Geisler & Nix wrote:
“The Bible presents the highest ideals known to man, ideals that have molded civilization.”
No other book in the history of humankind has had such a vast, widespread and profound influence on civilization. No other book even comes close. This provides further proof of the supernatural inspiration of the Bible.
Consider the following:
- The United Stated system of government system set out in our constitution is based on the principles found in the Bible.
- The Declaration of Independence cites rights endowed by our creator.
- Numerous judicial systems are based on Biblical principles of justice.
- Standards of morality throughout history have been based on God’s model revealed in the Bible.
- Even in ancient cultures like the Chinese, ancient characters have been found with references to the Genesis story of Adam and Eve, the garden and the flood.